Amritsar is one of the fascinating and ancient cities of India that attracts a massive crowd of tourists worldwide. It lies on the main Grand Trunk Road (GT Road) from Delhi to Amritsar connecting to Lahore in Pakistan, which was built by Sher Shah Suri and runs through the whole of the northern half of the Indian subcontinent, connecting Peshawar, Pakistan to Sonargaon and Bangladesh. It as well serves as the administrative center of Amritsar district. One of the largest cities in the state, it is is a jewel in the crown of Punjab that offers a unique blend of tradition and history, which lures the travelers. With significant religious centers and historical sites, the city offers a glimpse of the glorious past of the most prosperous Indian State of Punjab and is a must-visit city of India. It is one of the most vibrant and colorful cities that is immersed in history and rich culture. The city offers numerous religious as well as historical sites to visit. Here is a list of top 10 tourist places to visit in the captivating city, Amritsar.
Golden Temple ( Harmandir Sahib Ji )
The pride of Amritsar, the Golden Temple is the major attraction that is visited by thousands of devotees across the world. It is one of the most important Sikh pilgrimages of the country, which got its name from the gilded dome. Also known as Harmandir Sahib, the upper part of the temple was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh with approximately 400 kg of gold leaf. The erection of the temple began in 1585 AD by Guru Ram Das Ji, the 4th Sikh Guru and was completed by his successor, Guru Arjan Dev Ji in 1604. It houses a large lake known as Amrit Sarovar, which is believed to have curative properties and it is believed that it has the power to cleanse the soul. It is the epicenter of Sikhism and is visited by devotees as well as tourists from all over the world.
Gurdwara Bibeksar is one of the must-visit places in the city, which is located close to Chattiwind gate, where Guru Hargobind Sahib ji used to tie his horse to the Kareer tree on the banks of Bibeksar Sarovar. It is one of the most revered places by the Sikhs as well as the other people of the state. The sarovar was dug by Guru Hargobind Sahib ji and later Maharaja Ranjit Singh constructed the Gurudwara at the site in his memory. On the last Saturday of every month, Rainsbai Keertan is organized, which is visited by a huge crowd of devotees.
Durgiana temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga is a prominent attraction of the city. It was built during the 3rd decade of the 20th century that reverberate the architecture of the Golden temple. The foundation stone of this temple was laid by one of the greatest reformers as well as political leader of pre-independence era, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya. It is visited by a huge number of devotees as well as tourists and the detailed carved paintings of the Goddess in her different incarnations in the shrine adds to its beauty. Even though the main deity is Goddess Durga, one of the incarnations of Goddess Shakti, different Hindu Gods and Goddess are as well worshiped in the temple. It is an eminent reserve of Hindu scriptures.
Located in the vicinity of the Golden temple, Jalianwala Bagh is a historical site that finds a significant place in the pre-independence history of the country. It was at this site, the British under the command of General Dyer fired randomly on a peaceful gathering of people in demand of freedom, resulting in hundreds of men, women and children killed on the spot in the year 1919. To commemorate the sacrifice made by 2000 people for the motherland, a memorial has been built at the site. A flame in honor of the martyrs was light later and today, it is visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world. Even dignitaries from various parts of the globe visit the place to show their heartfelt regrets and respect, which was even visited by Queen Elizabeth in the year 1997 to show respect and regret of the incident. A segment of the wall that has bullet marks still visible is preserved along with the memorial well, in which some people jumped to escape. The story of the massacre is narrated in the Martyr's Gallery, which is located within its premises.
A not-to-be-missed place, while on a trip to the religious and historical city is the Wagha Border. A single road border, which serves as the international border that separates India and Pakistan, lies between the cities of Amritsar in India and Lahore in Pakistan. It is about 28 km from the main city and every morning and evening a ceremonial parade of the Beating Retreat and Change of Guard is organized, which forms the major attraction of the place. It is a highly structured complex that offers the amazing view of the parade. In the ceremonial parade, the army cadets of both the nations march to bring down the National Flags of the countries during the evenings. The entire sight, which reflects the enthusiasm and the spirit of the cadets, is a great visual retreat for the visitors.
Gurudwara Ramsar Sahib
A historical, as well as religious place in the city, is the Gurdwara Ramsar Sahib. Built in the year 1855 at the site where Guru Arjan Dev went into isolation along with Bhai Gurdas, to pile up the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book; it is a major Sikh pilgrimage in the city. In the year 1604 it was finally completed and placed at Harmandir Sahib. It stands on the littoral of Ramsar Sarovar, which is one of the 5 holy lakes in the city, which was built by the 5th Sikh Guru Arjan Dev. Without any doubt, it has a great significance for the Sikh pilgrims. It is also a must-visit place in the city.
Gurudwara shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji
Gurudwara shaheed Baba Deep Singh is one of the sacred places for Sikh pilgrims, which is located in the city of Amritsar. It forms a major attraction of the city, which is visited by a large number of devotees, as well as tourists. It is dedicated to Baba Deep Singh ji, who was the leader of the well-known "Shaheedan Di Missel" among the 12 missels. The Gurudwara has been constructed at the site, where he was wounded and breathed his last. When the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali ordered to blow up the Golden temple in the year 1762, the great scholar of his time, Baba Deep Singh ji took up the sword to protect the temple. This Gurudwara is located in the parikrama of Gurudwara Shri Harimandir Sahib, where he lost his life after being wounded on the neck. It is dedicated to this great martyr and is considered one of the most revered places in the city.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Pul Kanjari is a must-visit place on your trip to a fascinating city. It is located about 35 km from the main city and magnetizes a horde of tourists that visits the city. It is a site where Maharaja Ranjit Singh used to stay when he passed by with his troops. It is a historical site that houses a Gurudwara, temple and a mosque symbolizing the secular attitude of this place.
Ram Bagh Garden
Ram Bagh Garden is visited by huge number of tourists throughout the year. Adorned by landscaped Ram Bagh Garden is visited by huge number of tourists throughout the year. Adorned by landscaped garden, it houses a huge palace, which served as the summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It was earlier known as the Company Garden, which was later rechristened by the King as Ram Bagh after Guru Ram Das, who was the founder of this ancient city. The garden attracts a lot of local as well as tourists, which resembles Shalimar gardens in Lahore. The astounding beauty of the garden leaves the visitors mesmerized and houses some of the rare variety of trees and plants. It has water channels with fountains, which has golden fish. The garden also features a statue of the king seated on a horse.
Gurudwara Pipli Sahib
A prominent attraction of the city is Gurdwara Pipli Sahib, which was built in the honor of the 5th fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It is located about 1.5 km toward the west of Amritsar railway station close to Putlighar. The Gurudwara is named after the huge pipal tree, which once stood within its premises. It is one of the most frequented and revered places in the city, which is visited by a huge number of devotees, as well as tourists. Even this Gurudwara has a historical background, like all other present in the city.
Amritsar has a number of historical as well as religious sites, which are worth visiting while on a trip to the city. However, these are the top 10 must-visit places in the city.